The Subdirectorate General for SME Support publishes different monthly and annual statistics and reports, with the purpose of both disseminating the figures and indicators most important for Spanish SMEs, and monitoring and evaluating policies undertaken by the Directorate General for Industry and Small and Medium Enterprises.
On a yearly basis, the report "Business Structure and Dynamics in Spain" is published, based on customised1 use of the Central Companies Directory (CCD) on 1 January each year, provided by the National Statistics Institute (INE). This report was previously published under the name "SME Statistics: Evolution and Indicators".
The "Report on SMEs" forms part of the SME Panorama collection, published annually, with the aim of analysing business activity in Spain, paying particular attention to the behavior of SMEs.
Likewise, the "Portrait of the SME" is prepared on an annual basis, summarising the SME sector also on the basis of the tailored information from the CCD, on the following parameters:
On a monthly basis, the document "SME Figures" is published, based on monthly data published by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration on companies registered with Social Security.
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According to this report, it should be noted that the total number of small and medium-sized companies amounts to 2,926,955 (0-249 employees), with the number of large companies (250 or more employees) being 5,528 (0.19% of the total), which represents a total of 2,932,483 companies in Spain.
Compared to the previous month, SMEs have decreased by 0.05% (1,455 fewer companies) while large ones have increased by 0.22% (12 more companies).
We can highlight that the number of SMEs with employees in October is 1,317,045, which, together with the 5,528 large companies, give a total result of 1,322,573 companies with employees, with a negative monthly variation of 0.85% and 11,399 fewer companies.
On the other hand, SMEs with employees employed 9,402,385 employees in October, which translates into a variation of -1.08% and a decrease of 102,200 employees, and large companies 6,498,699, a monthly variation -0.25%, which means 16,545 fewer employees. In total, companies with employees employed 15,901,084 employees, with a monthly variation rate of -0.74%, and 118,745 fewer employees.
Within SMEs with employees, the middle class (50-249 employees) is the one that experiences the greatest decrease, both in the number of companies (-1.81%) and in terms of employment (-1.40% ).
The above data, referring to companies with employees, are taken from the monthly statistics of "Companies registered with Social Security", updated as of October 31, 2023.
Regarding SMEs without employees, the latest data available on the date of preparation of this report on "Self-employed" refers to the second quarter of 2023.
The General Directorate of Industry and SMEs prepares the reports called "SME Figures" in response to the function it has been granted, according to Royal Decree 998/2018, of August 3, BOE of August 4, 2018, in article 7, which expressly mentions the carrying out of studies, statistics, databases, reports and analysis of the industry at a sectoral, regional and aggregate level in the field of small and medium-sized companies.
1Data that the INE compiles specifically at the request of the DGIPYME, such as the breakdown of companies with up to 249 employees for the homologation with the Eurostat definition and its comparison with the EU.
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