Statistics and Publications on SMEs

The Subdirectorate General for Support to SMEs publishes monthly and annually various statistics and reports, both in order to disseminate the most relevant figures and indicators of Spanish SMEs, and for monitoring and evaluation of the policies carried out by the General Directorate of Industry and of the Small and Medium Enterprise.

On an annual basis, the report "Business structure and dynamics in Spain" is published from the tailor-made operation1 of the Central Business Directory (DIRCE) on January 1 of each year, provided by the National Institute of Statistics ( INE). This report was previously published under the name "SME statistics: evolution and indicators".

The “Report on SMEs” is part of the Panorama PYME collection, which has been published annually, with the aim of carrying out an analysis of business activity in Spain, paying special attention to SME behavior.

Likewise, on an annual basis the "Portrait of the SME" is drawn up in which the SME sector is summarized also based on the information tailored to the CCD, on the following parameters: 1. Companies, 2. Sectors, 3 Volume of income, and 5. Type of company due to its legal status, 6. Companies by CCAA

On a monthly basis, the document “SME Figures” is published, prepared from monthly data published by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration on companies registered with Social Security.

Evolución del empleo por tamañoCifras PYME. Datos abril 2021PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande may20jun20jul20ago20sep20oct20nov20dic20ene21feb21mar21abr2195100105Fuente: Secretaría General de Industria y de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa.
Fecha PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande
may20 99,6 101,9 100,4
jun20 99,1 102,1 97,3
jul20 99,3 103,1 98,5
ago20 99,5 102,4 98,0
sep20 99,6 103,5 101,6
oct20 99,9 103,2 103,9
nov20 100,2 103,2 104,5
dic20 100,5 103,1 104,0
ene21 100,6 102,6 103,6
feb21 100,7 102,0 103,5
mar21 100,8 101,9 102,2
abr21 100,8 103,1 103,7

The number smes with employees in april is the 1.280.225, reflecting an increase over the previous month, i.e. 0.77 per cent and more companies 9.804; for its part, the number of large companies, 4,829 an increase of $1.58 per cent (75 companies more), resulting in a total of 1.285.054 companies with employees, with a monthly variation 0.77 per cent of companies and 9,879.

Furthermore, smes that ensured the employment of employees in april 8.570.913 to employees, this translates into a variation of 1.14 per cent, and an increase of 96.332 employees. The number of employees of big business is 5.661.479, assuming this figure increased 1.47 per cent (82.068 employees). In total, companies with employees 14.232.392 ensured the employment of employees, with a monthly rate of change of 1.27%, and 178.400 employees.

Within smes with employees, the stretch of the medium-sized (50-249 employees) is the experienced higher growth in the number of companies (1.61 per cent), and in terms of employment (1.32 per cent).

Previous data relating to companies with employees, are extracted from the monthly statistics "companies registered in Social security", updated monthly.

1 Data that the INE develops specifically at the request of the DGIPYME, as the breakdown of companies until 249 employees for approval with the definition Eurostat and its comparison with the HAT.