Statistics and Publications on SMEs

The Subdirectorate General for Support to SMEs publishes monthly and annually various statistics and reports, both in order to disseminate the most relevant figures and indicators of Spanish SMEs, and for monitoring and evaluation of the policies carried out by the General Directorate of Industry and of the Small and Medium Enterprise.

On an annual basis, the report "Business structure and dynamics in Spain" is published from the tailor-made operation1 of the Central Business Directory (DIRCE) on January 1 of each year, provided by the National Institute of Statistics ( INE). This report was previously published under the name "SME statistics: evolution and indicators".

The “Report on SMEs” is part of the Panorama PYME collection, which has been published annually, with the aim of carrying out an analysis of business activity in Spain, paying special attention to SME behavior.

Likewise, with an annual basis is developed "portrait of the SMES" that summarizes the SME sector also on the basis of information as DIRCE, on the following parameters: 1. Companies, 2, 3. Sectors. Ups and downs of companies, volume 4 and 5. Typology of enterprises by their status, 6 by NATIONAL agencies.

On a monthly basis, the document “SME Figures” is published, prepared from monthly data published by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration on companies registered with Social Security.

Evolución del empleo por tamañoCifras PYME. Datos septiembre 2021PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande oct20nov20dic20ene21feb21mar21abr21may21jun21jul21ago21sep2195100105Fuente: Secretaría General de Industria y de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa.
Fecha PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande
oct20 100,3 99,7 102,3
nov20 100,6 99,8 102,8
dic20 100,8 99,7 102,3
ene21 101,0 99,2 102,0
feb21 101,1 98,6 101,9
mar21 101,2 98,5 100,5
abr21 101,4 99,7 102,0
may21 101,5 101,8 103,1
jun21 101,7 102,8 101,5
jul21 101,7 103,9 103,7
ago21 101,7 102,0 101,0
sep21 101,7 103,6 103,8

The number of SMEs with employees in September is 1,304,691, which represents an increase with respect to the previous month of 0.98% and of 12,628 more companies; For its part, the number of large companies is 4,878, which implies an increase of 3.24% (153 more companies), resulting in a total of 1,309,569 companies with employees, with a monthly variation of 0.99% and 12,781 more companies.

On the other hand, SMEs with employees employed 8,909,691 employees in September, which translates into a variation of 1.41%, and an increase of 123,705 employees. The number of employees in large companies is 5,762,808, assuming this figure an increase of 2.83% (158,775 more employees). In total, companies with employees employed 14,672,499 employees, with a monthly variation rate of 1.96%, and 282,480 more employees.

Among SMEs with employees, the medium-sized segment (50-249 employees) is the one that experienced the greatest increase both in the number of companies 1.97%) and in terms of employment 2.41%).

Previous data relating to companies with employees, are extracted from the monthly statistics "companies registered in Social security", updated monthly.

1 Data that the INE develops specifically at the request of the DGIPYME, as the breakdown of companies until 249 employees for approval with the definition Eurostat and its comparison with the HAT.