Statistics and Publications on SMEs

The Subdirectorate General for Support to SMEs publishes monthly and annually various statistics and reports, both in order to disseminate the most relevant figures and indicators of Spanish SMEs, and for monitoring and evaluation of the policies carried out by the General Directorate of Industry and of the Small and Medium Enterprise.

On an annual basis, the report "Business structure and dynamics in Spain" is published from the tailor-made operation1 of the Central Business Directory (DIRCE) on January 1 of each year, provided by the National Institute of Statistics ( INE). This report was previously published under the name "SME statistics: evolution and indicators".

The “Report on SMEs” is part of the Panorama PYME collection, which has been published annually, with the aim of carrying out an analysis of business activity in Spain, paying special attention to SME behavior.

Likewise, with an annual basis is developed "portrait of the SMES" that summarizes the SME sector also on the basis of information as DIRCE, on the following parameters: 1. Companies, 2, 3. Sectors. Ups and downs of companies, volume 4 and 5. Typology of enterprises by their status, 6 by NATIONAL agencies.

On a monthly basis, the document “SME Figures” is published, prepared from monthly data published by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration on companies registered with Social Security.

Evolución del empleo por tamañoCifras PYME. Datos junio 2021PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande jul20ago20sep20oct20nov20dic20ene21feb21mar21abr21may21jun2195100105110Fuente: Secretaría General de Industria y de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa.
Fecha PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande
jul20 100,2 101,0 101,3
ago20 100,3 100,2 100,7
sep20 100,5 101,3 104,5
oct20 100,8 101,0 106,8
nov20 101,0 101,0 107,4
dic20 101,3 101,0 106,9
ene21 101,5 100,5 106,5
feb21 101,6 99,9 106,4
mar21 101,7 99,8 105,0
abr21 101,7 100,9 106,6
may21 101,7 103,1 107,7
jun21 101,7 104,2 106,0

The number smes with employees in june is 1.302.209, reflecting an increase over the previous month 0.64 per cent and includes more companies, while the number of large companies is 4.779, which implies a decrease of -2,05 per cent (100 companies less), resulting in a total of 1.306.988 companies with employees, with a monthly change of 0.63 per cent and 8.140 companies.

Furthermore, smes with employees in june gave employment to 8.831.669 employees, this translates into a variation of 0.98%, and an increase of 85.937 employees. The number of employees of big business is 5.632.495, assuming that a decrease of -1,53% (-87.259 employees less). In total, companies with employees 14.464.164 ensured the employment of employees, with a monthly rate of change of -0,01%, and less -1.322 employees.

Within smes with employees, the small (10-49 employees) is undergoing more growth in the number of firms (2.17%) and in terms of employment (2.07%).

Previous data relating to companies with employees, are extracted from the monthly statistics "companies registered in Social security", updated monthly.

1 Data that the INE develops specifically at the request of the DGIPYME, as the breakdown of companies until 249 employees for approval with the definition Eurostat and its comparison with the HAT.