Statistics and Publications on SMEs

The Subdirectorate General for SME Support publishes different monthly and annual statistics and reports, with the purpose of both disseminating the figures and indicators most important for Spanish SMEs, and monitoring and evaluating policies undertaken by the Directorate General for Industry and Small and Medium Enterprises.

On a yearly basis, the report "Business Structure and Dynamics in Spain" is published, based on customised1 use of the Central Companies Directory (CCD) on 1 January each year, provided by the National Statistics Institute (INE). This report was previously published under the name "SME Statistics: Evolution and Indicators".

The "Report on SMEs" forms part of the SME Panorama collection, published annually, with the aim of analysing business activity in Spain, paying particular attention to the behavior of SMEs.

Likewise, the "Portrait of the SME" is prepared on an annual basis, summarising the SME sector also on the basis of the tailored information from the CCD, on the following parameters:

  • Companies
  • Sectors
  • Registration and deregistration of companies
  • Amount of revenue
  • Type of Company by its legal status
  • Companies by Autonomous Community

On a monthly basis, the document "SME Figures" is published, based on monthly data published by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration on companies registered with Social Security.

Evolución del empleo por tamañoCifras PYME. Datos marzo 2023PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande abr22may22jun22jul22ago22sep22oct22nov22dic22ene23feb23mar2395100105Fuente: Secretaría General de Industria y de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa.
Fecha PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande
abr22 100,2 102,3 102,0
may22 100,3 103,2 102,1
jun22 100,5 103,0 100,6
jul22 100,2 103,3 102,6
ago22 99,9 101,1 99,8
sep22 99,6 102,2 101,9
oct22 99,6 102,2 103,1
nov22 99,6 102,3 104,7
dic22 99,6 102,3 104,0
ene23 99,6 101,3 102,8
feb23 99,6 102,1 103,5
mar23 99,6 103,5 104,5

Number of companies in Spain

According to April's report, it is of note that the total number of small and medium-sized enterprises is 2,939,624 (0-249 employees) while the number of large companies (250 or more employees) is 5,496 (0.19% of the total), representing a total of companies in Spain of 2,945,120.

Compared to the previous month, SMEs have grown 0.54% (15,800 more companies) while large companies have experienced higher growth to reach 2.23% (120 more companies).

Employment generated by Spanish companies

The number of SMEs with employees in March was 1,333,158, which, together with the 5,496 large companies, gives a total of 1,338,654 companies with employees, with a monthly variation of 0.47% and 6,207 more companies.

Furthermore, SMEs with employees in March employed 9,506,732 employees, which translates into a variation 1.08 per cent and in an increase of 116,354 employees, and large companies 6,323,451, an increase of 2.00%, which means 124,164 more employees. In total, companies with employees employed 15,830,183 employees, with a monthly variation rate of 1.94%, and 301,603 more employees.

Within SMEs with employees, small companies (10-49 employees) are experiencing the strongest growth, both in the number of firms (2.66%) and in terms of employment (2.49%).

Source of data

The above data, referring to enterprises with employees, are taken from the monthly statistics on "Companies registered with Social Security", updated to 30 April 2023.

As for SMEs without employees, the latest data available at the date of preparation of this report on the "Self-employed proper" refer to the third quarter of 2022 and reflect a decrease of 14,363 units (-0.89%) compared to the data for the second quarter of 2022.

The Directorate General for Industry and SMEs (DGIPYME) prepares the reports named "SME Figures" in response to the function granted to it, according to Royal Decree 998/2018, of 3 August, BOE of 4 August 2018, in article 7, which expressly mentions the carrying out of studies, statistics, databases, reports and analyses of industry at sectoral, regional and aggregate level in the field of small and medium-sized enterprises.

1Data that the INE compiles specifically at the request of the DGIPYME, such as the breakdown of companies with up to 249 employees for the homologation with the Eurostat definition and its comparison with the EU.