Statistics and Publications on SMEs

The Subdirectorate General for Support to SMEs publishes monthly and annually various statistics and reports, both in order to disseminate the most relevant figures and indicators of Spanish SMEs, and for monitoring and evaluation of the policies carried out by the General Directorate of Industry and of the Small and Medium Enterprise.

On an annual basis, the report "Business structure and dynamics in Spain" is published from the tailor-made operation1 of the Central Business Directory (DIRCE) on January 1 of each year, provided by the National Institute of Statistics (INE). This report was previously published under the name "SME statistics: evolution and indicators".

The "Report on SMEs" is part of the Panorama PYME collection, which has been published annually, with the aim of carrying out an analysis of business activity in Spain, paying special attention to SME behavior.

Likewise, with an annual basis is developed "Portrait of the SMES" that summarizes the SME sector also on the basis of information as DIRCE, on the following parameters:

  • Companies
  • Sectors
  • Company registrations and deregistrations
  • Volume of revenue
  • Company typology by legal status
  • Companies by Autonomous Community

On a monthly basis, the document "SME Figures" is published, prepared from monthly data published by the Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migration on companies registered with Social Security.

Evolución del empleo por tamañoCifras PYME. Datos enero 2023PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande feb22mar22abr22may22jun22jul22ago22sep22oct22nov22dic22ene2395100105110Fuente: Secretaría General de Industria y de la Pequeña y Mediana Empresa.
Fecha PYME sin asalariados PYME con asalariados Grande
feb22 99,9 100,7 100,4
mar22 99,9 101,2 101,0
abr22 100,0 103,5 103,0
may22 100,2 104,4 103,1
jun22 100,4 104,2 101,6
jul22 100,1 104,5 103,6
ago22 99,8 102,3 100,7
sep22 99,5 103,3 102,8
oct22 99,5 103,4 104,1
nov22 99,5 103,5 105,7
dic22 99,5 103,4 105,0
ene23 99,5 102,5 103,8

The number of SMEs with employees in January was 1,307,860, which represents a decrease compared to the previous month of -1.27% and -16,782 fewer companies; On the other hand, the number of large companies is 5,273, which implies an increase of 0.34% (18 more companies), resulting in a total of 1,313,133 companies with employees, with a monthly variation of -1.26 % and -16,764 fewer companies.

On the other hand, SMEs with employees employed 9,143,223 employees in January, which translates into a variation of -0.05%, and a decrease of 79,355 employees. The number of employees of large companies 6,097,127, assuming this figure a job destruction of -1.09% -67,126 fewer employees). In total, companies with employees employed 15,240,350 employees, with a monthly variation rate of -0.95%, and -146,481 fewer employees.

Within SMEs with employees, the section of micro-enterprises (1-9 employees) is the one that experiences the greatest destruction, both in the number of companies (-1.35%) and in terms of employment (-1.73% ).

Previous data relating to companies with employees, are extracted from the monthly statistics "companies registered in Social security".

1 Data that the INE develops specifically at the request of the DGIPYME, as the breakdown of companies until 249 employees for approval with the definition Eurostat and its comparison with the HAT.